Naturopathic Doctors (NDs) are regulated in Ontario by the Drugless Practitioner Act and have been since 1925.
Naturopathic training consists of a four year graduate level program at an accredited naturopathic medical school. ND’s are required to complete a minimum of 4 years of university prior to applying to naturopathic medical schools. There are two accredited schools in Canada: CCNM and BINM.
The first two years of schooling are like those of a conventional medical doctor (MD), the majority of classes consisting of basic sciences (anatomy, cellular biology, microbiology, pathology, etc).
The final two years consist of specialized academic courses (i.e. cardiology, EENT, gynecology, gastroenterology, urology, etc) as well as courses in naturopathic therapeutics like herbal medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, clinical nutrition, and counselling. After graduation, NDs must pass national board examination to become registered.